不同國家的疫苗獎勵計劃 Vaccine reward programs in different countries

香港的疫苗接種率一直都偏低,到五月為止疫苗接種率只有人口的百分之十八。為了提高疫苗接種率,香港不同的私人企業開始推出抽獎活動,鼓勵人們接種疫苗。而其他國家也有在使用類似的措施來提高疫苗接種率。

在印尼,為了讓更多的年老居民接種疫苗,政府會送贈一隻活雞給接種疫苗的居民。這個計劃在印尼很成功,本來在二百人中只有二十五名願意接種疫苗,在計劃開始後,增加到每天有二百五十人接種疫苗。疫苗接種率的增加不是單純是因為有免費雞,送贈活雞可以被視為一種尊重老人家的行為,可以緩和與衛生官員之間的氣氛,再讓他們了解關於疫苗的安全性和益處。因為這些年老居民之前有可能收到了有關疫苗的錯誤負面資訊,所以送活雞再傳遞給他們正確的信息化解了他們的擔憂,成功提升了印尼的疫苗接種率。

在美國,除了金錢獎勵等常見的獎勵中,還出現了更加有趣的獎勵。在西維吉尼亞州,接種了疫苗的人可以通過抽獎來贏到特別定制的獵槍。這個獎品是針對了疫苗接種率偏低的人群,為了讓更多擁有槍支的人接種疫苗而出現的抽獎活動。

在菲律賓,五月底開始在馬尼拉每週都會進行二十包二十五公斤的大米的抽獎。這個活動成功地令到較貧困居民的疫苗接種率由每天四百人提升到每天二千人。菲律賓的疫苗接種率低於百分之二,還有民調顯示只有三分之一的人願意接種疫苗。抽獎活動雖然有提升到疫苗接種率,但是總統杜特爾特似乎想用到更加有爭議性的方法,就是監禁不願接種疫苗的人。

這些獎勵計劃在一些國家是可以有效提高他們的疫苗接種率的。從這些國家我們可以學到的是,獎勵的類型都是經過深思熟慮為特定的人群而選擇的。而讓人了解疫苗的安全性和益處也是很重要的。當你在考慮是否接種疫苗時,應該避免只受到外在利益的影響,而是應該對每一種疫苗進行研究,並了解那一種對自己來說是最適合的。

Vaccine Reward Programs in Different Countries

The vaccination rate in Hong Kong has been low, reaching only 18% of the population at the end of May. To boost the vaccination rate, companies in Hong Kong are putting out prizes for lotteries as an incentive to encourage people to get vaccinated. Other countries are also using incentives to improve vaccination rates.

In Indonesia, live chickens are given away to people who got vaccinated with the goal of having more older residents receive the vaccine. The free chicken program was a success for the Indonesian government, originally, only 25 in 200 residents were willing to get vaccinated, 250 people were getting vaccinated per day after the program started. The increased number is not simply due to the incentive, the free chicken can be seen as a sign of respect for the elderly allowing them to be more at ease with health officials, making it easier to communicate with them about the safety and benefits of the vaccine, which can ease the worry of older residents who may have received misinformation about the vaccine before.

In the United States, among usual incentives such as money prizes, interesting prizes have appeared in individual states. In West Virginia, those who got vaccinated can enter a lottery to win custom hunting rifles and shotguns, these lottery prizes target a specific demographic, the gun owners, in an attempt to combat the lower vaccination rate in Republicans.

In the Philippines, since the end of May, there is a weekly lottery for winning a 25kg bag of rice for 20 individuals in Manila, which have encouraged vaccination among poorer people, raising the daily vaccination number from 400 to 2000. The vaccination rate in the Philippines population is under 2% and a survey revealed that only a third of them are willing to receive the shot. While lotteries have managed to improve the vaccination rate, president Duterte seems to want to take more extreme measures and imprison those unwilling to get vaccinated.

While incentives have been shown to effectively improve the vaccination rates in several countries. What can be learned from these countries is that the type of incentive is well thought out, targeting specific demographics. And the importance of educating the misinformed about the safety and benefits of the vaccines was not forgotten. When considering whether the vaccine is right for you, it is better to research about each vaccine and to avoid having your decision be influenced by outward benefits only.

#疫苗抽獎 #疫苗安全 #接種疫苗 #vaccinesafety #vaccinerewards #covidvaccine #ICEHongKong